Laminitis in short, is the inflammation of soft tissue in the hoof causing damage to or death of the laminar cells, resulting in the loss of the foot’s mechanical integrity. The severity of damage is unique to each case with the worst damage resulting in founder which is the sinking of the coffin bone.
Overall management and feeding of horses with laminitis requires special care, since factors such as body weight, starch intake, mineral and energy balance, as well as metabolic function can have a profound effect on the fragile environment of the damaged tissue of the hoof. If you are managing a horse currently being treated for laminitis or one with a history of laminitis, the most important element of overall care is staying connected to your vet and farrier. When it comes to feeding, here are some nutrition tips to help you along the way.
- Weight: weight control and regular exercise help any horse physically and mentally, but the laminitic horse in particular. Excess weight and stagnation add unneeded stress to an already fragile situation. Once the acute phase has passed, regular turn out and exercise provide essential blood flow to the foot, which provides the nutrients for tissue repair. Activity is also helpful in managing weight.
- Pasture: Lush pasture access should be limited by a grazing muzzle for horses prone to laminitis or those currently being treated for it. If a grazing muzzle is not available, the horse should be limited to access later in the day when plant sugar (fructans) levels in grass are lower, or be kept on a dry lot.
- Forage: High quality grass hay is the ideal forage for a horse prone to laminitis.
- Feed: A product specially formulated for metabolic issues or a ration balancer are the best bet to feed your laminitic horse. Micro nutrients such as vitamins and minerals are essential for tissue repair, so be sure to check that the feed is balanced for these as well as the essential amino acids. Avoid feeds which provide high levels of starch per meal as these horses tend to be sensitive to increases in blood sugar and insulin.
- Supplements: Horses with laminitis may benefit from supplemental magnesium and chromium, both of which assist in sensitivity to insulin.
- Water: Often overlooked as a nutrient, water is one of the best allies in the defense of laminitis in your horse. Fresh, clean tepid water is a key to overall health as well as circulation of nutrient rich blood.
Following these guidelines for feeding and management, as well as working closely with your veterinarian and farrier should provide you with the tools you need to manage laminitis in your horse. With extra care and help from the trusted professionals in your life, your horse with laminitis can live a happy, balanced life.